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TOWARDS THE CONTEXTUALIZATION TEACHING OF THE SPEAKING SKILL:
FROM AN ESP PERSPECTIVE.
ESP this broad diverse field of ELT, which is still in its infancy, here in Algeria, where unfortunately a set of perspectives are not yet reached as both parameters in the teaching /learning process, i.e., teachers and learners claim their dissatisfaction with the content and the form of the courses, as it does not meet either their academic or professional expectations once they are, fully, involved in real situations and they encounter a set of difficulties at different levels, including that of the low level of English language proficiency while trying to communicate in the target language.
In the same line of thought, and unlike EFL where the focus is placed on the four skills, in ESP, there are priorities among skills where a skill which is emphasized in one situation is considered as inappropriate in other context. Hence, the main aim of the current paper is to propose a set of hopefully valuable techniques and strategies to improve the learners’ ability to communicate effectively in their target situation through developing the speaking skill while trying to contextualize the teaching/learning situation, i.e., drawing tasks and activities from real situations to meet learners’ professional prospects.
Key words: ESP, teachers, learners, contextualization, skill, speaking, strategies, techniques.
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